Scrubs, or park roses, are often used in landscape design, due to the relative simplicity of planting this type of decorative culture, as well as the absence of difficulties in caring for the bushes. In addition, the plant is quite easy to propagate, but most often in the conditions of home gardening, propagation by cuttings is used with planting of planting material in the spring for rooting directly in open ground.
The best varieties
In accordance with international botanical terminology, the category of park roses includes species, hybrid forms and varieties of cultivated wild rose. The name of this prefabricated group was obtained thanks to external data and the corresponding use in landscape design.
Favorable conditions allow park roses to form strong and powerful bushes with an abundant and long flowering period and fruiting. Experienced gardeners know that the name modern park rose is sometimes used to describe a shrub, and all varieties assigned to this group are united by the possibility of application in the conditions of vertical and horizontal gardening.
|Grade||Bush description||Bloom||Varietal Features|
|Aisha||A straight-growing and highly resistant plant up to two meters high with bright green foliage||Golden yellow stained flowers, with numerous terry stamens||Recommended for the north-west and florists of northern Sweden for cultivation in group and solitary plantings|
|"Annelies"||Vertical direction bush with light green glossy foliage staining||Terry flowers, rosette, pale pink, fragrant, collected in pyramidal inflorescences||It is used as a low climbing decorative culture, and is also grown as a cut variety|
|"Bonica-82"||The bush is branched and quite sprawling, of sufficient growth power, with beautiful, dark green glossy foliage||The flowering is plentiful, with large tassels, consisting of a terry type of cup-shaped pale pink flowers||The variety belongs to the category of continuously flowering and is perfect for single and group plantings, and is also cultivated in a mixborder|
|"Ballerina"||Plant height does not exceed one and a half meters, hardy and resistant to disease, with bright green foliage and a few large spikes bush||Flowers with pale pink petals, bright yellow stamens and a darker border, in the central part fading to white||The variety, which is highly resistant to diseases, can be used in tapeworm plantations, and also looks great as a complement to perennials or in the design of hedges|
|"Castella"||Powerful, durable and well-developed shoots up to one and a half meters high, with very plentiful foliage||Dark red staining, not dense terry, large-sized flowers, collected in large inflorescences||German scrub for creating single-grade and mixed groups and border design|
|"Elmshorn"||An upright bush with a moderate number of spines and slightly drooping shoots covered with copious, light green, shiny, slightly wrinkled foliage||Thick pink, unstable staining, pompon-shaped, small in size, terry type, with a faint aroma, collected in inflorescences||German highly resistant shrub with repeated and very abundant flowering, suitable for group plantings and creating a hedge of flowering|
|"Miss Dior"||A very neat plant with dark green, healthy and attractive foliage||Gathered in a brush flowers of delicate apricot color, large, terry type, in the form of a neat rosette with yellow stamens||A plant that blooms continuously with flowers resistant to atmospheric precipitation, almost not affected by powdery mildew and black spotting|
|"Eifelzauber"||The plant is powerful, quite vigorous, with strong and well-developed shoots, and dark green, medium size, glossy leaves||Pastel-pink staining flowers, densely terry, with a very pronounced, slightly sweetish, with a hint of spice aroma||Repeatedly blooming, very popular German scrub resistant to atmospheric precipitation, and also practically not affected by powdery mildew and black spotting|
|"Tibet Rose"||Attractive highly decorative plant no more than one and a half meters high with glossy foliage||Golden yellow staining, semi-double flowers with wavy petals and a very pronounced aroma of tea-hybrid roses||Re-flowering, highly resistant to diseases and adverse weather factors, scrub|
|"Triade"||Compact bush, vertically arranged, with dense, dense and glossy foliage||Carpal bloom with light red semi-double, cup-shaped flowers with bright yellow stamens||Profusely and repeatedly flowering scrub of German selection with good resistance to powdery mildew and spotting|
Park roses can be planted both in spring and autumn, but most domestic amateur gardeners prefer spring planting of decorative culture in a permanent place.
Technology of planting roses in a permanent place:
- before planting, it is recommended to soak the bottom of the pink seedling in water with the addition of a growth process stimulator;
- for shrub cultivation, it is best to highlight the southern part of the site, protected from strong winds and drafts;
- the soil of the prepared flower bed should be loamy, with a neutral pH level or light acidity;
- the soil on the site for growing decorative crops must be thoroughly cleaned of weeds and debris;
- about two weeks before planting pink seedlings, the soil must be carefully dug and fertilized at the rate of a kilogram of rotted manure or compost for each plant;
- when pre-digging light soils, it is recommended to add a small amount of wood ash.
Planting holes should have a depth corresponding to the length of the root system of the planted plant. In the central part, it is possible to form an elevation from fertile soil, which will allow to distribute the roots of the plant as evenly as possible across the planting hole. The vaccination site should be deepened no more than 5-6 cm. After planting, it is necessary to carry out abundant watering with a top-up of soil. If necessary, easy hilling and shading from scorching sunlight is carried out.
How to plant a rose
How to grow scrubs
Caring for scrubs is not particularly difficult. It is enough to carry out all the measures necessary to maintain the health of the decorative culture and its abundant, long flowering:
- pink bushes prefer rather moist, but not waterlogged soil, so the frequency of watering, depending on weather conditions, should be about one to two times a week;
- for irrigation measures, warm and standing water is used at the rate of ten to fifteen liters per adult plant;
- decorative culture should be watered early in the morning or in the evening, when the sun's rays are not able to cause burns on the aerial parts of the culture;
- after watering, shallow, but thorough loosening of the soil is mandatory, which facilitates the flow of air to the root system of the rose bush;
- the best fertilizer is humus or high-quality compost, mulching which helps to create favorable conditions for the growth and development of roses and reduces the number of irrigation events;
- mineral nitrogen-containing fertilizers are preferred in the spring, before the start of active vegetation and at the stage of bud formation;
- in the summer, it is recommended to give preference to phosphorus-potash fertilizing, which stimulates flowering well.
How to use roses in landscaping
It is very important to remember that the thoughtless use of fertilizers often causes the formation of a large amount of vegetative mass, therefore, organics for feeding should not be used annually, but strictly after a year.
Features of flowering and pruning
Pruning should be carried out in accordance with the rules for the formation of decorative culture and in a timely manner. The main pruning is carried out in spring and consists in removing dead branches and thinning out part of the shoots in order to stimulate flowering. Trim the stems at an angle of 45 using a sharp and clean pruner. Affected shoots are trimmed to a healthy site, and thinning branches should be cut above the kidney by 5-6 mm. On grafted roses, it may be necessary to periodically remove wild root shoots to ground level.
Scrubs are propagated by cutting. Important to rememberthat for cutting high-quality cuttings, annual semi-lignified shoots are used, as well as flowering or "blind", without flowers, stems. Unsuitable for reproduction are young, grassy type, as well as "fat" and too lignified shoots. You can root the cuttings in water or nutrient soil, after which it is planted in a permanent place.
Roses: landscape tricks
You can plant park roses in single and group plantings, as well as use to create free-growing hedges or in a border design. In almost all regions of our country, highly decorative scrubs are able to winter without high-quality shelter or with the use of light shelter.