Evergreen Begonia (Begonia sempflorens) is a very popular home-grown crop. A plant is a complex hybrid form created on the basis of several species. The cultivation and care of such a variety must be carried out correctly, which will allow you to get a very decorative, beautifully flowering perennial.
Description of evergreen begonia
A shrub plant is represented by a series of hybrids that differ in color, as well as the size of the leaves and flowers, the timing of flowering and the appearance of the bush.
The plant has a bare and fleshy stem with an average height of 35-45 cm. The foliage is smooth, glossy, dark green in color. Some varieties have leaves with a characteristic brownish, bronze or red hue.
Flowers - a simple or terry scattering of petals of white, red, pink or salmon staining. Two-color varieties of this species with red or pink-fringed petals are also known. After flowering, large, dark brown box-shaped fruits containing dusty seeds form. Flowering is almost year-round, but most intense from early summer to November.
The best types and varieties
The type of evergreen begonia is presented in indoor floriculture with terry and non-terry, as well as semi-double varieties. The modern assortment of evergreen begonias combines two groups: gracilis and sempenflorence.
|Tall species||Volumia||Rounded aerial part with rich green foliage, which is resistant to heat and drought. Coloring is white, light soft pink, pink, scarlet or two-tone|
|"Stara"||The aerial part is well leafy with dark green leaves and relatively small, numerous flowers|
|"Baby Wing"||Large and strong bush plant with green and bronze leaves, plain and bicolor flowers of various colors|
|"Lotto"||Large but compact enough bushes with emerald green leaves and unusually large simple flowers of various colors|
|Medium growth species||"Bada Boom"||Dense and fairly compact bushes with bronze foliage, characterized by early flowering of simple white, pink and bright red flowers|
|"Vision"||It is characterized by dark green foliage and lush flowering.|
|"Bada Bing"||The highly decorative plant has saturated green leaves with the finest white bordering|
|"Ambassador"||Weather-tolerant perennial with green foliage with the finest red border and white, pink, red or two-tone flowers|
|Undersized species||"Queen"||Green-leaf hybrid variant, characterized by the formation of white, red, dark pink double flowers|
|"Cocktail"||Abundant and beautifully flowering, low shrub form with red-brown foliage and typical simple flowers of white, red, pink color|
|Ray||Small in size hybrid form, which has increased resistance to adverse weather factors, emerald green leaves and spectacular snow-white flowers with bright pink bordering|
|"Eureka"||It differs in bronze or greenish-bronze leaves and rather large flowers, the diameter of which reaches up to 3.5 cm|
|Olomouc||Low-growing early variety up to 18-20 cm high with small and very decorative snow-white flowers|
No less popular series Senator and begonia evergreen species Senator Mix with bright flowers contrasting beautifully with bronze foliage.
Growing begonia ever flowering
Features of the propagation of evergreen begonia
The evergreen indoor begonia was able to incorporate the very best qualities of all the mother plants that were used to produce this hybrid form. Such an ornamental plant can be propagated by both cuttings and seed material. Cuttings are used by amateur gardeners more often than seed propagation.
In mid-spring, begonias should be cut short enough, fed and regularly watered, which will allow the decorative indoor plant to grow new strong shoots that can be cuttings after a while. Overgrown cuttings need to be cut and lowered into clean water at room temperature. After the formation of roots on the cuttings, they are planted in a flower pot filled with light and fertile soil.
Growing begonias from seeds is somewhat more difficult. Sowing perennial seeds should begin in February, laying seed on a moist surface of the soil. The landing container with crops needs to be covered with polyethylene or glass. The soil should be ventilated and sprayed daily.
The first shoots appear after about three weeks, after which the shelter is removed. Plants with a pair of true leaves should be dived into separate planting containers. Planting in a permanent place in the garden or at home is carried out in the last decade of spring or early summer.
Features of growing in the garden
Growing begonias is not too difficult. Everlasting, purple, and evergreen begonias do not differ too much in care, but in order to maintain a perennial decorative and healthy state for many years, the basic rules of cultivation technology must be observed.
Direct planting of this type of begonia in the open ground of flower beds is not always possible, therefore, many amateur gardeners carry the plant directly in flower pots after the onset of persistently warm weather. On flower beds and flower beds in the open air, evergreen begonia can be grown as an annual plant.I, planting flower seedlings after the threat of spring frost has passed.
How to grow begonia from seeds
Evergreen begonia: rules for home care
In home floriculture perennial enjoys constant popularity, which is due to the relative undemanding care. The main measures should be aimed at creating a plant comfortable conditions, observing the regime of watering and feeding, as well as periodic pruning and protection from diseases and pests.
For begonias, window sills with sufficient sunlight, but without direct sunlight on the foliage in the afternoon, are best suited. The plant can easily tolerate fairly high temperature indicators, and lowering the temperature to a level of 13-15aboutC can provoke illness and even death. The optimum moisture content is approximately 50%. Reduced humidity causes wilting, and too high can cause rot. To create the optimal level of humidity you need to install a flower pot on a pallet with wet pebbles.
Watering and feeding
Begonias are among the fairly hygrophilous plants, therefore, in the summer days and hot weather, watering is carried out a couple of times a week, by means of standing water at room temperature. In the autumn-winter period, irrigation measures should be made minimal and relatively rare.
Fertilizing with mineral fertilizers is carried out once every two weeks in the spring and summer. In autumn and winter, the need for fertilizer is eliminated almost completely.
Competent as well as timely pruning is an element of proper cultivation and the key to long and abundant flowering. In addition, such an event allows you to rejuvenate a decorative indoor perennial, as well as collect the planting material necessary for reproduction. All excessively elongated shoots are subject to shortening, and diseased, dry and damaged leaves must be removed.
Landing and transplanting
Begonia needs nutritious and fairly loose soil that can provide the plant with full growth and development. With the independent preparation of the planting soil substrate, it is necessary to mix sheet soil, chernozem and peat crumb in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. A prerequisite for proper planting and transplantation is the drainage layer at the bottom of the flower pot.
Planting capacity must be filled with the substrate in layers. The lower layer should be represented by coarse river sand, over which the prepared soil mixture is poured. You can also purchase ready-made nutritious soil mixtures in a specialized store. Transplant the plant as necessary, but not too often. It is best to use the transplantation method of the root system with an earthen lump when transplanting.
How to prepare evergreen begonia for winter
In order for the indoor perennial flower to live up to its name as an ever-flowering crop, you must follow the rules of care, as well as provide the plant with the most comfortable conditions for growth, development and long flowering.